Digital-to-Analog Converter

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A Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) is an electronic device that converts a digital code into an analog signal. While this analog signal can be used for pretty much anything, when talking about video game music, it refers to analog audio. DACs are used to play digital audio and they appear on all sound hardware that is able to do so. Through the years of audio hardware, many different DACs have been used with increasing levels of fidelity and abilities. The majority of arcade game features a DAC and most sound cards released for the home computer market utilize them as well.

The following hardware contains a DAC:

Release Company Device Notes
1986-??-?? Covox Voice Master 8-bit mono
198?-??-?? Covox Voice Master 8-bit mono
1988-??-?? Tandy Tandy DAC 8-bit mono, up to 48 kHz
1989-??-?? Creative Sound Blaster 8-bit mono
1989-??-?? Covox Sound Master 8-bit mono
1990-??-?? Creative Sound Blaster 1.5  ?
1990-??-?? Media Vision Thunder Board 8-bit mono, 22 kHz
1991-??-?? Disney The Sound Source 8-bit mono, 7 kHz
1991-10-?? Creative Sound Blaster 2.0  ?
1991-??-?? Covox Sound Master Plus 8-bit mono
199?-??-?? Creative Sound Blaster MCV  ?
1991-??-?? Creative Sound Blaster Pro  ?
1991-??-?? Media Vision Pro AudioSpectrum  ?
199?-??-?? Covox Sound Master II 8-bit mono
1992-05-?? Media Vision Pro AudioSpectrum 16  ?
1992-06-?? Creative Sound Blaster 16 16-bit stereo
1992-10-?? Gravis UltraSound  ?
1992-??-?? Ad Lib AdLib Gold 1000 12-bit stereo
199?-??-?? Media Vision Pro AudioSpectrum 16 Basic
199?-??-?? Media Vision Pro AudioSpectrum 16 Studio  ?
199?-??-?? Logitech SoundMan Games  ?
199?-??-?? Ensoniq Soundscape  ?
1994-??-?? Logitech SoundMan 16  ?

This list is meant to be in chronological order, but many release dates are missing.