Arc Developments

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Arc Developments
Arc Developments.png
Founded 1988
Headquarters UK
Not to be confused with the Japanese developer Arc System Works.

Arc Developments was a British game developer founded by Chris Coupe, Byron Nilsson, Paul Walker, and Richard Underhill in 1988 after they had disbanded from Elite Systems. They are known for converting computer games to home consoles. Arc Developments' most popular game was Johnny Bazookatone. The company closed its doors in 1998, just 10 years after its opening.

The company rarely put credits in their games. According to one of the developers, this was because they simply didn't care to add the polish of credits to their games, and also because most of their games were made by the same development teams.


Music Development


Mark Cooksey had his own drivers at Elite, but used a a different variant on each game. Martin Walker also used his own sound engine. Andi McGinty used Protracker. It is unknown how Justin Scharvona made his music.

Amstrad CPC, Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum

Music is in Mark Cooksey's second driver (first found at Elite), in Tony Williams' driver, and client Ocean Software provided Jonathan Dunn's music.

Atari ST

Both Mark Cooksey and Andi McGinty used Cooksey's second driver (first found at Elite).


Andi McGinty was the only composer to make music for Arc Developments' MS-DOS games. According to Arc programmer Julian Scott, he programmed a sound driver to which McGinty's MIDI files were converted.

Genesis / Mega Drive

Mark Cooksey programmed a sound driver and MIDI files were converted to his engine. The game Hurricanes (SMD) seems to use a different engine than Cooksey's. It is believed either Derrick Owens, and/or Chris Coupe, with the possible assistance of Julian Scott, programmed its sound engine.

Game Gear/Sega Master System

Arc had two sound engines:

  1. One by Mark Cooksey, who created the sound driver and MIDI conversion tools. He would use Logic and Notator for his music.
  2. A second sound engine was programmed by Chris Coupe. This sound engine was only used by Andi McGinty.

Audio Personnel

Cooksey was employed by Elite in 1989–1990 and only got credited in Crack Down (C64) as "Dr K". In The One Issue Seven, Byron Nilsson replied: "We really can't tell you, but he's dead good." Cooksey remembered in 2003:

The person who used to pay the cheques out at Arc used to make me jump through hoops to get my money, he was just taking the p*ss and sometimes I couldn't help but laugh.

Picture Gallery