Noboru Koshinaka (NES Driver)

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Noboru Koshinaka
Released 1988-03-08
Programmers Noboru Koshinaka
Language 6502 Assembly
Formats Unknown

Noboru Koshinaka is an unofficial name of the sound driver used in the NES games developed by Daiei Seisakusho. It was programmed by Noboru Koshinaka, who also composed the music to their games.

Release History

Koshinaka's driver was mostly used in Japan only. However, Toki and Operation Wolf were also released in North America (Operation Wolf also got a release in Europe.) In total, the driver was used in seven games. The first game to use the driver was Arkanoid II: Revenge of Doh, and the last game that used it was Toki.

Output

The sound driver outputs to the RP2A03 in North America and Japan and RP2A07 in Europe. Later versions of the sound driver use the DPCM for percussion effects. The Famicom Disk System games that used the driver, like many, failed to take advantage of the FDS's RP2C33.

Games

Released

Title

Sample

1988-03-08 Arkanoid II: Revenge of Doh (FC) (アルカノイドⅡ)
1988-03-25 Wardner no Mori (FDS) (ワードナの森)
1988-10-28 Yuu Maze (FDS) (遊メイズ)
1989-03-31 Operation Wolf (NES) (オペレーション・ウルフ)
1989-12-08 Taito Chase H.Q. (FC) (タイトー チェイスH。Q。)
1989-12-15 Flipull: An Exciting Cube Game (FC) (フリップル)
1991-07-19 Toki (NES) (ジュジュ伝説)


Technical

Frequency Registers

D#8 = 07
D-8 = 07
C#8 = 08
C-8 = 08
B-7 = 09
A#7 = 09
A-7 = 0A
G#7 = 0B
G-7 = 0B
F#7 = 0C
F-7 = 0D
E-7 = 0D
D#7 = 0E
D-7 = 0F
C#7 = 10
C-7 = 11
B-6 = 12
A#6 = 13
A-6 = 14
G#6 = 15
G-6 = 16
F#6 = 18
F-6 = 28
E-6 = 2A
D#6 = 2D
D-6 = 30
C#6 = 32
C-6 = 35
B-5 = 39
A#5 = 3C
A-5 = 40
G#5 = 43
G-5 = 47
F#5 = 4C
F-5 = 50
E-5 = 55
D#5 = 5A
D-5 = 5F
C#5 = 65
C-5 = 6B
B-4 = 71
A#4 = 78
A-4 = 7F
G#4 = 87
G-4 = 8F
F#4 = 97
F-4 = A0
E-4 = AA
D#4 = B4
D-4 = BE
C#4 = CA
C-4 = D6
B-3 = E2
A#3 = F0
A-3 = FE
G#3 = 10D
G-3 = 11D
F#3 = 12E
F-3 = 140
E-3 = 153
D#3 = 168
D-3 = 17D
C#3 = 194
C-3 = 1AC
B-2 = 1C5
A#2 = 1EC
A-2 = 1FC
G#2 = 216
G-2 = 236
F#2 = 25D
F-2 = 281
E-2 = 2A7
D#2 = 2CF
D-2 = 2FA
C#2 = 327
C-2 = 357
B-1 = 38A
A#1 = 3C0
A-1 = 3F9
G#1 = 435
G-1 = 469
F#1 = 475
F-1 = 501
E-1 = 54D
D#1 = 59E
D-1 = 5F4
C#1 = 64E
C-1 = 6AE


Addresses

Arkanoid II: $63FC-$64BB
Dirty Pair: ???
Flipull: $617E-$623D
Operation Wolf: $1DF37-$1DFF6
Taito Chase H.Q.: $1D164-$1D223
Toki: $663E-$66FD
Warnder no Mori: ???
Yuu Maze: ???


Links