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Founded June 1, 1955
Headquarters Japan
Other Names
  • Namcot
  • Namco, Ltd.
  • Game Studio
  • Piccari Team
  • Knight Games

Namco (ナムコット株式会社 Namukotto Kabushikigaisha = Namcot Co., Ltd.) is a Japanese game developer and publisher. They are best known for their arcade classics such as the Pac-Man series. In 1981, Masanobu "Évezoō End" Endō joined and later formed a division of Namco called Game Studio. When they first started developing NES titles, the company did not yet have a division in the United States. Therefore, they licensed most of their games to Tengen, an American company which made unlicensed video games for the Nintendo NES.

Namco merged with Bandai on March 31, 2006, and is now known as Namco Bandai Games.


Music Development


The sound engine for Namco's arcade games was programmed by various staff members, and Nobuyuki Ohnogi and the other composers wrote the music in hexadecimal. The sound chip was designed by someone named "Figar" Murata.

There was later a sound engine programmed titled "Quattro", which was a tracker-based system.


Nobuyuki Ohnogi created a sound driver which was then rewritten by Fukashi Ohmorita to decrease the memory. The music was written with hex numbers in 6502 assembly. When Namco was porting their arcade games to the NES, Nobuyuki converted the arcade soundtracks to the NES until he left the company in 1985.

Later, one of Namco's main musicians Junko Ozawa learned NES programming and modified the sound driver to have better-sounding instruments.

Audio Personnel